Wood Flooring Hardness Chart | hardwood hardness ratings
Wood Flooring Hardness Chart | hardwood hardness ratings

Wood Flooring Hardness Chart

How Hard is Hardwood?

Here we list the relative hardness of each wood species used to make hardwood floors. These ratings were created using the Janka Hardness Test, which measures the force needed to embed a .444 inch steel ball to half its diameter in a piece of wood.

The higher the number, the harder the wood. Though it’s one of the best methods to measure the ability of a specific species of wood to withstand indentations, it should only be used as a general guide for comparison. The construction and finish of a floor also play an important role in its durability and ease of maintenance.

 Douglas Fir  660
 Southern Yellow Pine (short leaf)  690
 Southern Yellow Pine (Long leaf)  870
 Black Cherry  950
 Teak  1000
 Black Walnut  1010
 Heart Pine 1225
 Yellow Birch 1260
 Red Oak (Northern) 1290
 American Beech 1300
 Ash 1320
 White Oak 1360
 Australian Cypress 1375
 Hard Maple 1450
 Wenge 1620
 African Pedauk 1725
 Hickory 1820
 Pecan 1820
 Purpleheart 1860
 Jarrah 1910
 Merbau 1925
 Santos Mahogany 2200
 Mesquite 2345